Home ECG and insulin pill: digest of mHealth news

2019-02-22

Home ECG and insulin pill: digest of mHealth news

What did pediatricians teach AI? How can the charger disinfect the smartphone? How to do a home ECG just as well as a hospital one? These and other issues are revealed in the weekly digest of mHealth news.

Disinfectant charger for smartphones

UV Partners has developed a wireless charger for smartphones called UV Angel Aura Clean & Charge able to sterilize a phone.

It is the fact that mobile phones carry 10 times more bacteria than toilet seats (according to the study by the University of Arizona) that has boosted developers to such a solution. An ultraviolet bulb provides smart charger disinfection. Besides, it is activated automatically when detecting bacteria traces.

Clinical research has showed impressive results: the device is able to remove 99% of bacteria from smartphone surfaces.

AI treatment at a level of pediatrician

Scientists from the University of California have designed a program based on artificial intelligence to determine diseases at the level of experienced doctors.

For that end, researchers provided AI with data on 1.3 million patient’s advisory services at the Pediatric Department of Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center: complaints, patient records, blood analysis, and video data.

As the result, comparing statistics data about patients, AI could diagnose respiratory diseases and sinusitis to the accuracy of 97%, while bacterial meningitis and chicken pox with 93% success.

Kang Zhang, a senior author of the study, explains that AI is designed not to replace people, but to help them by speeding up operations and efficiency. Furthermore, the scientist asserts that the machine will never replace doctors.

High-quality home ECG

QT Medical has designed a home electrocardiograph utilizing 12 leads, as many as in hospital equipment.

The solution is called Personal Cardiac Assistant (PCA 500). It is made in such a way that all leads (electrodes), save for three ones, are fixed on a special cover placed on the chest. Therefore, even incompetent people won’t confuse places where to put electrodes. Measurements will take approximately three minutes.

Consequently, people obtain an electrocardiogram similar to the hospital one. It allows to detect both simple arrhythmia and ischemic changes. Besides, the device records these data directly on the user’s mobile phone. PCA 500 is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Insulin pill

Researchers from MIT and Harvard have invented a smart pill to supply insulin right to the stomach.

The solution just looks like a pill, but it is actually something different. It is a biodegradable polymer containing insulin and needle. After swallowing, the pill attaches to the stomach wall. Then, a tiny needle is protruded in order to inject the drug into the bloodstream. Afterwards, the pill detaches from the stomach and leaves the body along with the rest of the excrement.

The fact is that the insulin pill can be formed easily, but protein degrades fast in the stomach and becomes inefficient.

Such a way of insulin delivery will be useful for diabetics. By the way, the pill can also be filled with other drugs, not only with insulin.

The device was tested on pigs. Currently, one is advancing the gadget.

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